Glassmaking and costume jewellery production

Glassmaking between the 14th and 16th centuries

We can find traces of glass production in the Jizera Mountains from as early as the 14th century. That is when the first glass workshop was established. But the real glass boom in the area was in the 16th century, when many glass factories were set up. They brought not only an increase in the population in otherwise uninhabited areas, but also the cutting down forests. Wood was an essential element in the production of glass.

Glass-making family "Kings of glass from the Jizera Mountains"

At the end of the 18th century, the glass-making Riedel family, called the "Kings of glass from the Jizera Mountains" was becoming more important. They built a large glass factory in Kristiánov in the 1770s and around it slowly formed a village that included a country seat, school, chapel and cemetery. The work of the Riedel family is celebrated by a local museum – Památník sklářství (Memorial to glassmaking). The museum is the continuation of a local glassworks that was established in 1775 and also a glass factory built by the Riedels. The museum opened in 1964 and is located in a former glass cottage. It shows visitors not only the glassmaking craft but also the hard life in those days.

19th – 20th centuries - Costume jewellery production

The first industrial plants are established in the 19th and 20th centuries. It is in this period when a new branch of the glass industry emerged, costume jewellery production. You can find out how costume jewellery, a symbol of the area, and glassmaking in general developed at the Muzeum skla a bižuterie (Museum of glass and jewellery) in Jablonec nad Nisou.

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